The Doctrine of The Holy Spirit

The Holy Spirit is the third person in the Trinity. He is fully God. He is eternal, omniscient, omnipresent, has a will, and can speak – He is alive, He is a person. He is not particularly visible in the Bible because His ministry is to bear witness of Jesus (John 15:26). The Holy Spirit is mentioned over 100 times in the Old Testament. In the New Testament alone there are some 261 passages that refer to the Holy Spirit. He is mentioned 56 times in the Gospels, 57 times in the book of Acts, 112 times in the Epistles of Paul, and 36 times in the remaining books of the New Testament.

Listed below is a partial list of the role of the Holy Spirit:

A. He Took part in creation (Gen. 1:2; Job 33:4; Psalm 104:30).

B. He Spoke through prophets to produce Scripture (1 Peter 1:11: 2 Peter 1:20, 21).

C. He selectively and conditionally indwelt certain people in the Old Testament (Joseph – Gen. 41:38; Joshua – Num. 27:18; Saul – 1 Sam. 10:9,10; David – 1 Sam. 16:13 etc.).

D. He is central in salvation (How people are saved).

a. He directs and enables evangelistic efforts (Philip/Ethiopian – Acts 8:26,29; Great Commission – Acts 1:8).

b. He convicts the unbeliever of sin (John 16:8-11).

c. He regenerates (saves) the person.

a. He cleanses the person from sin and gives them the new nature (Titus 3:5).

b. As He performs this spiritual “new birth,” the person enters “the kingdom of God” (=eternal life – John 3:3-7, 16).

d. He seals (eternally secures) the person. The presence of the Holy Spirit is the “seal” or guarantee that a person is saved. (Eph. 1:13).

Also know that in the New Testament, The Holy Spirit indwells all believers in this age (Rom. 5:5; 8:9; 1 Cor. 3:16; 6:19). (unlike the Old Testament where the Spirit indwelt some) As well, The Spirit indwells believers permanently in this age (John 14:16). (unlike the Old Testament where the Spirit could depart) Lastly, The Spirit’s indwelling is the basis for His other ministries in believer’s lives. (He teaches/illumines us about scripture – John 16:13; He aids in prayer – Rom. 8:26; He assures us of our salvation – Rom.8:16).

Pastor Stephen R. Hill

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